Tag Archives: bootstrap

Make any HTML element or Bootstrap component clickable

Add .stretched-link to a link to make its containing block clickable

<div class="card" style="width: 18rem;">
  <img src="..." class="card-img-top" alt="...">
  <div class="card-body">
    <h5 class="card-title">Card with stretched link</h5>
    <p class="card-text">Some quick example text to build on the card title and make up the bulk of the card's content.</p>
    <a href="#" class="btn btn-primary stretched-link">Go somewhere</a>
  </div>
</div>

References
https://getbootstrap.com/docs/4.3/utilities/stretched-link/

Spacing in Bootstrap Utilities

The classes are named using the format {property}{sides}-{size} for xs and {property}{sides}-{breakpoint}-{size} for sm, md, lg, and xl.

Examples

.mt-0 {
  margin-top: 0 !important;
}

.ml-1 {
  margin-left: ($spacer * .25) !important;
}

.px-2 {
  padding-left: ($spacer * .5) !important;
  padding-right: ($spacer * .5) !important;
}

.p-3 {
  padding: $spacer !important;
}

Horizontal centering

<div class="mx-auto" style="width: 200px;">
  Centered element
</div>

Negative margin

The syntax is nearly the same as the default, positive margin utilities, but with the addition of n before the requested size

.mt-n1 {
  margin-top: -0.25rem !important;
}

References
https://getbootstrap.com/docs/4.3/utilities/spacing/

Sizing in Bootstrap Utilities

<div style="width: 50%" class="border border-dark">
    <div class="bg-primary p-3 w-25">Width 25% relative to the parent</div>
    <div class="bg-primary p-3 w-50">Width 50% relative to the parent</div>
    <div class="bg-primary p-3 w-75">Width 75% relative to the parent</div>
    <div class="bg-primary p-3 w-100">Width 100% relative to the parent</div>
    <div class="bg-primary p-3">Width Auto relative to the parent</div>
    <div class="bg-primary p-3 vw-100">Width 100% relative to viewport</div>
    <div class="bg-primary p-3 min-vw-100">Min-width 100% relative to viewport</div>
</div>

References
https://getbootstrap.com/docs/4.3/utilities/sizing/

Nesting in Bootstrap Grid System

To nest your content with the default grid, add a new .row and set of .col-sm-* columns within an existing .col-sm-* column. Nested rows should include a set of columns that add up to 12 or fewer (it is not required that you use all 12 available columns).

<div class="container">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col-sm-9">
      Level 1: .col-sm-9
      <div class="row">
        <div class="col-8 col-sm-6">
          Level 2: .col-8 .col-sm-6
        </div>
        <div class="col-4 col-sm-6">
          Level 2: .col-4 .col-sm-6
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

References
https://getbootstrap.com/docs/4.3/layout/grid/#margin-utilities

Offsetting columns using Margin utilities in Bootstrap

<div class="container">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col-md-4">.col-md-4</div>
    <div class="col-md-4 ml-auto">.col-md-4 .ml-auto</div>
  </div>
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col-md-3 ml-md-auto">.col-md-3 .ml-md-auto</div>
    <div class="col-md-3 ml-md-auto">.col-md-3 .ml-md-auto</div>
  </div>
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col-auto mr-auto">.col-auto .mr-auto</div>
    <div class="col-auto">.col-auto</div>
  </div>
</div>

References
https://getbootstrap.com/docs/4.3/layout/grid/#margin-utilities

Offsetting columns using Offset classes in Bootstrap

<div class="container">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col-md-4">.col-md-4</div>
    <div class="col-md-4 offset-md-4">.col-md-4 .offset-md-4</div>
  </div>
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col-md-3 offset-md-3">.col-md-3 .offset-md-3</div>
    <div class="col-md-3 offset-md-3">.col-md-3 .offset-md-3</div>
  </div>
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col-md-6 offset-md-3">.col-md-6 .offset-md-3</div>
  </div>
</div>

References
https://getbootstrap.com/docs/4.3/layout/grid/#offset-classes

Column breaks with Bootstrap Grid System

Breaking columns to a new line in flexbox requires a small hack: add an element with width: 100% wherever you want to wrap your columns to a new line. Normally this is accomplished with multiple .rows, but not every implementation method can account for this.

<div class="container">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col-6 col-sm-3">.col-6 .col-sm-3</div>
    <div class="col-6 col-sm-3">.col-6 .col-sm-3</div>

    <!-- Force next columns to break to new line -->
    <div class="w-100"></div>

    <div class="col-6 col-sm-3">.col-6 .col-sm-3</div>
    <div class="col-6 col-sm-3">.col-6 .col-sm-3</div>
  </div>
</div>
<div class="container">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col-6 col-sm-4">.col-6 .col-sm-4</div>
    <div class="col-6 col-sm-4">.col-6 .col-sm-4</div>

    <!-- Force next columns to break to new line at md breakpoint and up -->
    <div class="w-100 d-none d-md-block"></div>

    <div class="col-6 col-sm-4">.col-6 .col-sm-4</div>
    <div class="col-6 col-sm-4">.col-6 .col-sm-4</div>
  </div>
</div>

References
https://getbootstrap.com/docs/4.3/layout/grid/#column-breaks

No gutters between columns in Bootstrap Grid System

The gutters between columns in our predefined grid classes can be removed with .no-gutters. This removes the negative margins from .row and the horizontal padding from all immediate children columns.

<div class="row no-gutters">
  <div class="col-12 col-sm-6 col-md-8">.col-12 .col-sm-6 .col-md-8</div>
  <div class="col-6 col-md-4">.col-6 .col-md-4</div>
</div>

References
https://getbootstrap.com/docs/4.3/layout/grid/#no-gutters

Horizontal alignment with Bootstrap Grid System

<div class="container">
  <div class="row justify-content-start">
    <div class="col-4">
      One of two columns
    </div>
    <div class="col-4">
      One of two columns
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="row justify-content-center">
    <div class="col-4">
      One of two columns
    </div>
    <div class="col-4">
      One of two columns
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="row justify-content-end">
    <div class="col-4">
      One of two columns
    </div>
    <div class="col-4">
      One of two columns
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="row justify-content-around">
    <div class="col-4">
      One of two columns
    </div>
    <div class="col-4">
      One of two columns
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="row justify-content-between">
    <div class="col-4">
      One of two columns
    </div>
    <div class="col-4">
      One of two columns
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

References
https://getbootstrap.com/docs/4.3/layout/grid/#horizontal-alignment